FAQs
In the first half of 2019, the domestic telecommunications industry experienced short-term pain, which posted pressure to the revenue growth of the Company. During the period, the Company's service revenue amounted to RMB133.0 billion, representing a decrease of 1.1% year-on-year. Nevertheless, the Company continued to report rapid profit growth as it persisted in implementing its new development philosophy by boosting new energy for innovative development and controlling cost to enhance return. EBITDA amounted to RMB49.5 billion, up by 8.4% year-on-year. Profit attributable to equity shareholders of the Company increased by 16% year-on-year to RMB6.9 billion. Thanks to the sound management on cost control, the Company's free cash flow remained strong at RMB20.3 billion, sending continuous improvement in financial position and building stronger financial health to the Company.
During the first half of 2019, while facing difficulties and challenges of development in mobile service, the Company persisted in driving differentiated operations with a focus on increasing the effort in Internet-oriented transformation on products, channels and marketing, striving to avoid simple price competition, with the aim to attaining high-quality sustainable growth. In the first half of the year, the Company's mobile service revenue amounted to RMB78.7 billion, representing a decrease of 6.6% year-on-year, reflecting the impact of "Speed Upgrade and Tariff Reduction" policy, market saturation, keen market competition and diminishing 4G data bonus. Mobile billing subscribers achieved a net increase of 9.32 million, reaching a total of 320 million mobile billing subscribers, of which 4G subscribers registered a net addition of 19.01 million, reaching a total of close to 240 million 4G subscribers. Our 4G subscriber market share was up by 0.8 percentage points year-on-year, while 4G penetration for mobile billing subscribers reached 74%, up by 6.4 percentage points year-on-year, underpinning ongoing improvements in the mobile subscriber mix.

In the second half of the year, the Company will gradually leverage the edges of its new LTE 900MHz network in terms of in-depth coverage and wide coverage in rural area and build a premium "5G+4G" network to support business development. The Company will optimise the Internet-oriented product portfolio and exercise stringent control over user acquisition costs and ultra-low tariff packages to enhance quality development. Through strengthening integrated operation, the Company will step up the promotion of its new product "telecommunication capability + smart hardware + content applications", while enhancing user experience by offering differentiated products and services in active response to the challenges brought by mobile number portability. All in all, the Company will commit full efforts to drive mobile service revenue steady-to-rising.
During the first half of 2019, the Company actively addressed the challenge of intense competition in the broadband market by adopting the strategy of "Big Video, Big Integration and Big Bandwidth". For the first half of 2019, the Company's fixed-line broadband access revenue decreased by 4.1% year-on-year to RMB20.6 billion amidst intense competition. The number of fixed-line broadband subscribers increased by 2.53 million on a net basis to 83.41 million. The penetration rate of the video content business as a percentage of fixed-line broadband subscribers reached approximately 50%, up by 9 percentage points year-on-year. The penetration rate of the integrated service as a percentage of fixed-line broadband subscribers reached 55%, up by 9 percentage points year-on-year.
During the first half of 2019, the Company expedited the capability development and scale expansion of key innovative businesses such as Cloud Computing, Big Data and the Internet of Things (IoT), etc. achieving continuous rapid breakthrough in the development of industry Internet business and serving as a key driver in stabilising the revenue of the Company. The industry Internet business revenue reported a 43% year-on-year growth to RMB16.7 billion, with contribution as a percentage of the overall service revenue increased to 13%.

Led by the model of "cloud + smart networks + smart applications", the Company actively engaged in the marketing initiative of "Cloud Fibre Smart Enterprise", driving cloud adoption by enterprise customers through cooperation in ecosystem and creation of a capability platform. The Company expedited the deployment and promotion of key smart network products, such as "government and enterprise premium network" and connected cloud network, etc. to unleash the strengths in cloud-network integration into full play and enhance the differentiated servicing ability. Continuous efforts were made to develop smart application solutions for industry Internet and promote mature standardised products in scale, with a focus on key industries, e.g. public administration, education, healthcare, ecological environment, transportation, culture and tourism. Meanwhile, the Company also engaged in consistent efforts to enhance innovation in mechanism and accelerated the innovative talent development while reforming the incentive and compensation system, so as to constantly inject new energy for innovative development.
In December 2018, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) consented to the use of the frequency band of 3500–3600MHz nationwide by China Unicom for 5G trial. In June 2019, MIIT granted an official approval to China Unicom for the nationwide operation of 5G mobile communications services.

The Company was engaged in active deployment of 5G network and development in partnership with other parties along the value chain to capture the fast-mover market opportunities. During the first half of 2019, the Company led the market in the rollout of its 5G brand (5Gn), and focused the 5G trial in "7+33+N" cities in scale while launching friendly-user trial programmes in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen. It strived for 5G network "co-build co-share" and explored various models for cooperation to enhance network capability and industry value. In the future, the Company will conduct paced and precise investment in 5G construction with due regards to technological advancement, market demand and business requirements and the competitive landscape. It will drive the development of the 5G ecosystem while nurturing and consolidating its unique competitive edges in 5G. It will seize new business opportunities to deliver new value while enabling the capability and intelligence of the broader industry verticals.
According to the cooperation agreement signed on 9 September 2019, China Unicom and China Telecom will cooperate to co-build one 5G access network nationwide. Both parties will delineate and designate the regions for construction of 5G network by each party. The party who is responsible for the construction in a designated region will bear the relevant investment, maintenance and operating cost of the network. The 5G network co-build co-share will be based on co-share of access network and 5G spectrum resources but with core network to be constructed independently by each party. Both parties will jointly ensure a unified standard on network planning, construction, maintenance and service in the 5G network co-build co-share regions, and assure the same service level. The subscriber ownership will remain unchanged while independent branding and business operation will be maintained for each party.
The Company is of the view that the cooperation with China Telecom on 5G network co-build co-share, especially co-sharing the continuous 5G spectrum of both parties, will enhance the reduction of 5G network construction, operation and maintenance costs, while achieving 5G network coverage efficiently. It will also benefit the establishment of 5G service capabilities rapidly and strengthen the market competitiveness of 5G networks and services, while improving network investment return and asset operation efficiency, and leading to win-win for both parties.
The Company sought to strengthen strategic and business cooperation with the respective strategic investors focusing on areas where synergies could be claimed. In connection with touchpoints, it continued to advance online touchpoint and privilege cooperation with Internet companies, while exploring offline cross-sector cooperation with a view to precisely and effectively acquiring new users. As at the end of June 2019, the Company had close to 100 million 2I2C subscribers. It engaged in ongoing cooperation with Baidu's iQIYI and Tencent in IPTV contents and mobile video contents, with a view to enhancing user stickiness. In payment and finance, efforts were made to advance cooperation in "WO wallet" payment and the promotion of consumer credit, anti-financial fraud products as well as the jointly developed risk control-based credit score payment and financial products. As for smart home, efforts were directed towards the deep integration of fundamental telecommunication capabilities with the smart hardware and content applications of Internet companies, in order to create novel products with strong competitiveness. The Company continued to cooperate with Alibaba and Tencent in public cloud and hybrid cloud with the provision of cloud-network integration products, services and solutions to customers, which was in turn driving rapid growth in its government and enterprise customers business. At the same time, in Big Data, IoT and AI, the Company continued to further its in-depth cooperation and exploration with strategic investors to seek win-win cooperation, focusing on hot demands for, among others, financial risk control, target marketing, IoT security and smart home.
During the first half of 2019, the Company persisted in driving precise and efficient network deployment with a return and market-oriented approach. It gave priority to satisfying "5G+4G" premium networks and innovative businesses, etc. As a result, the Company saw ongoing enhancement of network competitiveness. Capital expenditure was under good control in the first half of the year and amounted to RMB22 billion. Thanks to the precise network investment, precise network optimisation and capacity expansion, the Company reported continuous improvements in network quality and customer perception in its focused regions. The Net Promoter Score (NPS) for both mobile network and fixed-line broadband increased as we maintained industry-leading average uplink and downlink speeds in 4G network and garnered the industry-best performance in network latency.

Full-year CAPEX for 2019 is expected to be approximately RMB58.0 billion.
The objective of the dividend policy of the Company is to achieve a long-term, sustainable and steadily increasing dividend, with a view to maximising the shareholders’ value. The declaration and payment of future dividends will depend upon, among other things, financial condition, business prospects, future earnings, cash flow, liquidity level and cost of capital. The Company believes such policy will provide the shareholders with a stable return in the long term along with the growth of the Company. Pursuant to the Companies Ordinance (Chapter 622 of the Laws of Hong Kong) and the Company’s articles of association, the Company may only pay dividends out of profits available for distribution.

Taking into consideration the Company’s profitability, debt and cash flow level, capital requirements for its future development etc., the Board recommended the payment of a final dividend of RMB0.134 per share for the year ended 31 December 2018. Going forward, the Company will continue to strive for enhancing its profitability and shareholders’ return.
In the second half of 2019, the Company will devote itself to “Five New” establishment and high-quality development. Its priorities include:
  • To uphold cooperation and actively deploy 5G
  • To effectively penetrate in sub-divided markets assuring steady development of fundamental business
  • To create innovative capabilities and strengthen innovative business
  • To regulate business practices and maintain healthy ecology
  • To persist in building a comprehensive and customer-first servicing system
  • To strengthen network and IT support capabilities
  • And to fully unleash the system and mechanism advantages of reforms
In 2017, adhering to the principle of “enhance governance, strengthen incentives, protrude core businesses and raise efficiency”, the Company implemented mixed-ownership reform by using Unicom A Share Company, the controlling shareholder of the Company, as the platform. By introducing strategic investors and leveraging external resources and capabilities, the Company innovated the business cooperation model and achieved strategic business collaboration. It pushed forward system and mechanism reforms, established sound and effective corporate governance and market-oriented incentive mechanism to elevate corporate vitality and efficiency, creating better returns for shareholders and employees.

Through non-public issuance of new shares and transfer of existing shares of Unicom A Share Company held by Unicom Group, Unicom A Share Company successfully introduced 14 industry leaders as strategic investors who are complementary to the Company’s business development. Approximately RMB75.0 billion was raised and injected into China United Network Communications Corporation Limited (CUCL), a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company. All the proceeds will be used by CUCL for upgrading 4G capabilities, technology validation and enablement of 5G network related technologies, launching trial programmes in relation to 5G network and developing innovative services. The injection of external capital effectively enhanced the Company’s financial position and improved its risk control capability.
Aimed at increasing vibrancy and return, the Company continued to deepen the innovative reform of its systems and mechanisms. In the implementation of streamlining and re-organisation 2.0, it continued to streamline its organisation and encouraged staff to move to sub-divided units and innovative businesses in an ongoing effort to optimise organisational and staff structure. The Company continued to introduce reforms to the incentive mechanism and promoted differentiated compensation and diversified incentives. At some subordinate companies, long-term staff incentive and governance mechanism was established. Market based incentive system was further improved, targeting value creation. Intensive advances were made in mixed-ownership reform at subordinate companies, as its Yunnan Branch expanded the overall service and operation contract-out with privately-owned partners to the entire province following the pilot-run conducted in 2018. Meanwhile, ongoing efforts were made to deepen sub-division reform, leading to enhanced vibrancy at the micro-entities.
The objective of the employee restrictive share incentive scheme of Unicom A Share Company is to attract and retain high calibre employees and to achieve an alignment of interests among the shareholders, the Company and its employees.

Around 810 million restrictive shares of Unicom A Share Company were granted to about 8,000 key managerial staff and talents (including core employees of the Group) under the initial grant of the employee restrictive share incentive scheme of Unicom A Share Company. Unlocking conditions are prescribed for operating units and individuals at all level. The incentive shares are allocated on the basis of the contributions of the employees to the operating results. The grant price was RMB3.79 per share.

The restrictive shares of the initial grant have a lock-up period of 24 months and an unlocking period of 36 months. During the unlocking period, restrictive shares are unlocked in the ratio of 4:3:3 for each 12-month period. Restrictive shares shall be unlocked only if both corporate and individual performance conditions are met. The corporate performance conditions for unlocking the restrictive shares are:

Above-industry-average service revenue growth: compared to the 2017 basis, the growth rates of service revenue of Unicom A Share Company for 2018-2020 shall not be less than 4.4%, 11.7% and 20.9% respectively and shall not be less than the average of the three operators in the industry. The 2017 basis on service revenue is RMB249.02 billion.

Substantially faster growth of profit before tax: compared to the 2017 basis, the growth rates of profit before tax of Unicom A Share Company for 2018-2020 shall not be less than 65.4%, 224.8% and 378.2% respectively and shall not be less than the 75th percentile in the industry. The 2017 basis on profit before tax is RMB5.30 billion.

Fast improving return on equity: the return on equity of Unicom A Share Company for 2018-2020 shall not be less than 2.0%, 3.9% and 5.4% respectively.

According to the share incentive scheme, when judging whether the unlocking conditions for service revenue, profit before tax and return on equity, etc. are met, China Unicom A Share Company may exclude the impact of any major adjustments in industry policies by the State. The exact amount to be excluded will be determined by the board of directors of China Unicom A Share Company. For the details of Unicom A Share Company’s share incentive scheme, please refer to the related Unicom A Share Company’s public announcements filed with The Shanghai Stock Exchange on 11 February 2018.
Last updated: 12 September 2019